America's Cup Sailing: Effect of Standing Arm-Cranking (“Grinding .Jun 27, 2016 . grinding. Ten male America's Cup sailors (33.6 ˘ 5.7 years, 97.9 ˘ 13.4 kg, . studies examining the physiological [2,5] and strength and power  . on the kinematically similar seated arm cranking exercise, which is often.sailing fitness five exercises for grinders,Sailing - Working-WellLack of general fitness and strength, muscle imbalances, overuse, overtraining, .. 5. The 2003 America's Cup study found that most injuries occurred during .. repetitive activities such as grinding, top handle winching, sail trimming, and steering.10 . In addition, agility exercises may improve hand-eye coordination and the.power output of america's cup grinders can be improved with a .Simon Pearson BSc (Sport and Exercise Science). A thesis is . Grinding set-up in America's Cup sailing provides the power behind tacking and gybing, where the . 0.012) greater power during five seconds of grinding performance. Muscular.
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